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Brain Rules for Baby by John Medina

It is a world where the most intimate feelings and desires can be
portrayed with a single emoticon。

  1. post-truth(后真相)Oxford

nature and nurture, each 50%. What we can do it to maximize the latter.


After much discussion, debate, and research, the Oxford Dictionaries
Word of the Year 2016 is post-truth– an adjective defined as ‘relating
to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less
influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and
personal belief’.

5 ingredients for intelligence

And it seems the fleeting nature of social media and texting is having
an impact on the English language as the words we most frequently use
are getting shorter。


  1. the desire to explore: babies are scientists, and the whole world is
    their Lab.


The concept of post-truthhas been in existence for the past decade,
but Oxford Dictionaries has seen a spike in frequency this year in the
context of the EU referendum in the United Kingdom and the
presidential election in the United States. It has also become
associated with a particular noun, in the phrase post-truth

2.self control

Helen Newstead, the head of language content at Collins, said its
2016“words of the year” list has been strongly influenced by the younger




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4.verbal communication

Ms Newstead put the changing nature of language down to social media
where space is often restricted and messages are sent in haste。


5.interpreting non-verbal communication


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the desire to explore:

The Collins list is put together by a panel of lexicographers and
experts, who look at terms that are becoming increasingly used。 There
are around 4.5 billion words in the Collins Corpus, but between 10 and
12 are picked for the final list。


 * babies are scientists, and the whole world is their Lab.



* “Innovators NDA”:  

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The Word of the Year for 2016 is surreal, with lookups of the word
spiking for different reasons over the course of the year. Beginning
with the Brussels terror attacks in March, major spikes included the
days following the coup attempt in Turkey and the terrorist attack in
Nice, with the largest spike in lookups for surreal following the U.S.
election in November.

An ability to associate creatively.

This year, the experts decided the word of the year was “Brexit” after
it saw an unprecedented upsurge。


An annoying habit of consistently asking “what if.”


The definition of surreal is: “marked by the intense irrational
reality of a dream.” It’s a relatively new word in English, only
dating back to the 1930s, derived from descriptions of the artistic
movement of the early 1900s known as surrealism.

澳门新莆京网上娱乐 ,An unquenchable desire to tinker and experiment.  (year 4—6 1/2)
inquisitiveness (education and workplace against it)

2016 | Collins’ Words of the Year


*self control: executive function* is a better predictor of academic
success than IQ.


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(foreign) language learning:

Brexit (noun): The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European


 not recordings  or DVDs, but you have to deliver the words through
social interaction.

Brexit(名词):大不列颠及英格兰联合王国脱欧,指的是United Kingdom退出欧洲联盟


the brain needs the information-rich, give-and-take stimulation that
another human being provide.

Dude food (noun): Junk food such as hot dogs or burgers, which are
considered particularly appealing to men

Xenophobia成为Dictionary.com的二零一五年度词汇,与南非共和国(The Republic of South Africa)爆发的入侵外国国籍劳工事件、英帝国脱欧、美利坚联邦合众国民代表大会选有关。

Learning sign language may boost cognition by 50%: (gestures and
facial expression)


Dictionary.com defines xenophobia as “fear or hatred of foreigners,
people from different cultures, or strangers.” It can also refer to
fear or dislike of customs, dress, and cultures of people with
backgrounds different from our own.

gestures and speech used similar neural circuits as they develop in our
evolution history.

Hygge (noun): A concept, originating in Denmark, of creating cosy
and convivial atmospheres that promote well-being


Babies need face time for emotional information. Face-reading
ability is very important. Some expression can not be pretended because
some facial muscles can can not be controlled. 


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Universal basic emotions: happiness, sadness, surprise, discuss,
anger, and fear.