高考英语语法并列句和主从复合句用法精讲,复合句解析

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  并列句和着力复合句

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  并列句基本概念:

德语不难句、并列句、复合句解析

  语法知识点1

  并列复合句是由七个或四个以上并列而又独自的简要句构成。五个简单句常由并列连接词连在一起;但有时候并非连接词,只在多少个简易句之间用一逗号或分公司。

2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

  1.as…as.。。引导的可比级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+
as+被比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you.
他像您一样学习努力。

  贰 、常见的并列句:

德语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  (2)在否定句或难题句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as
fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

  (1) 用来连接四个并列概念的连天词有and , not only…but also…,
neither…nor…等,and所连接的内外分句往往代表先后关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第四个分句用未来时。

差不离句、并列句和复合句

  2.only引导的倒装句型:only +状语
(或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

  (2) 表示在两者之间选取贰个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or
else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第②个分句用现在时。

考点一 简单句

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 
唯有努力、正直,一位在生活中才能成功。 

  (3) 申明三个概念互相有争辩、相反只怕转载,
常用的连接词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态一致。

  1. 简单易行句只包罗贰个主谓结构.

  2. 各个简单句:

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to
work out the problem.  唯有那位女人知道什么解那道题。

  (4) 表明原委, 用连接词for ,前后分句时态一致。

1) 主+谓. He comes at last.

  3.wish辅导的虚拟语气:wish
前面包车型大巴从句,当代表与事实相反的事态,或意味着未来不太恐怕达成的意愿时,其宾语从句的动词情势为: 

  (5) 表示结果,用再三再四词so, 前后分句时态一致。

2) 主+系+表. She is a teacher.

  ⑴表示对以往意况的虚拟:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be
的过去式用were.   

  主从复合句

The soup tastes nice.

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.   
小编梦想知道这么些题指标答案。(可惜不明了。) 

  1、概念:

3) 主+谓+宾. They reached the village.

  ⑵代表对过去意况的杜撰:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

  主从复合句由二个主句和一个或二个之上的从句构成。主句为句子的重头戏,从句只用作句子的1个说不上成分,不可能独立成为2个句子。从句平日由关联词辅导,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在一道。如:While
the grandparents love the children, they are strict with
them.(外祖父曾外祖母们很爱孩子,同时对她们也严刻供给。) / It seemed as if the
meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else)
you’ll be late.(快点, 要不然就来不及了。) / However I cook eggs, the
child still refuses to eat
them.(不管笔者用哪些方法煮鸭蛋,小孩照旧不肯吃。)

4) 主+谓+间宾+直宾.He gave me a pen.

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time. 
笔者后悔不应当浪费这么多时间。( 实际寒食经浪费掉了。) 

  2、分类:

5) 主+谓+宾+宾补.I find that book very useful.

  ⑶代表对明清的不合理愿望:谓语动词情势为“would/ should/ could/ might
+动词原形”。在那种状态下,主句的主语与从句的主语不能够一如既往,因为主句的主语所期待的从句动作能还是无法落实,取决于从句主语的情态或希望(非动作名词除外)
。 

  从句按其在复合句中的成效,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。(参见以下各样)

考点二 并列句

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能截至。 

  ③ 、各从句在句子中的地点以及用法:

并称句:五个或八个以上的简要句,用连词连接起来。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用
would,可以象征请求,平常意味着说话人的不适或遗憾。

  (1)
表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它放在主句中的系动词之后。

常用的连接词有:

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  作者盼望您安然一些。 

  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is
because you are so clever.

  1. 代表顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅….而且….)等。

  4.it格局宾语:和it 作格局主语一样,  大家常用it 来作情势宾语,
把真正的宾语从句放在句末, 这种状态越来越出现在带复合宾语的语句中。

  (2) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

皇家赌场网址hj9292 ,She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to
overcome difficulties.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in.
他注明他不会屈服。 

  ①为主方式:(主句+)连词+从句主语+从句谓语+…

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she
succeeded.

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越….。。越….。。”。

  ② 关于宾语从句连词的抉择:

  1. 代表选用涉及和否定条件的有or(依然,不然)

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will
become。大家越害怕困难,困难就会变得越强大。

  若从句出自一个陈述句,那么,连词用that,在口语中that能够归纳;

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

  语法知识点2

  若从句出自二个貌似疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

  1. 宾语从句:一般难点句做宾语,引入if或whether

  若从句出自贰个分化常常疑问句,则连词正是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

  1. 表示转会关系的有but, yet等。

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

  例如:They believe that the computer will finally take the place of
human beings.(他们相信总括机终将代替人类。) (从句本来就是陈述句)/ I
wonder whether I should say something for him to the headmaster.
(作者不明了是还是不是该为她在校长前面说点什么。) (从句出自一般问句Shall Isay something for him to the headmaster?) / He asked me where he could
get such medicine. (他问作者在哪里能搞到那么的药。)
(从句出自特殊问句Where can he get such medicine? )

He is young, but he works hard.就算他年轻,但工作努力。

  2. 原因状语从句:since辅导的

  ③
宾语从句的时态难题:假使主句是后天时,从句则用前些天某一时态,甚至足以用过去时;

  1. 代表因果关系的有for, so 等。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

  如主句是过去时,从句则附和地选用过去某目前态,遇到客观真理时依然用前天时。如:I
think I will do better in English this term.
(我想本学期笔者的希腊语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the
earth is round. (老师问这几个男孩地球是或不是圆的。)

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 作者的腿疼,因而笔者去看医务职员。

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely…when。.

  ④ 下列结构后边的从句一般也作为宾语从句看待:

考试场点三 主从复合句:宾语从句

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

  be sorry / afraid / sure / glad +that从句,如:I’m sorry I’m late.
(对不起,笔者迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment.
(大概他这时不在家。)

  1. 宾语从句的指导词

  4. If虚拟条件句

  (3)
状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其职责能够在主句前或主句后。状语从句能够分成时间、地点、原因、目标、结果、相比较、迁就、条件等两种。状语从句由从属连接词引导。

(1)教导 陈述句用 that(在口语和业余文体中时常省略)

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

  时间状语从句普通由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as
,since, till (until), while, whenever
等指导。时间状语从句一般位于句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不允许选用今后时,而应该用现时时替代。如:
When you finish the work, you may go out to play with Sam.
(你完了工作就足以出去和吉姆一起玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes
back. (老妈回来了自个儿才会走。)

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词前面,作介词的宾语。

  地点状语从句平时由 where, wherever等辅导。如:Go back where you came
from! (何地来还滚到哪儿去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief
who stole my necklace wherever he may be.
(笔者永远也不会忘记去抓住那么些偷小编项链的贼,无论她会在哪儿。)

(2) 教导一般难题句用if或whether.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in
Shanghai。

  原因状语从句平日由because, since,
as等引导,一般位于句首或句尾。如:He went abroad because his father had
found a good university for him.
(他出国了,因为他老爸给他找了一所好高校。)

She asked me if\ whether she could join us.(whether…or not)

  6.状语从句简单(分词作状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语一致,状从容易选用分词作者状语。例句:

  指标状语从句日常由so that…, so…hat…, in order that…
等引导,往往放在句尾,从句中常见含有can / could / may /
might等千姿百态动词。如:He got up earlier so that he could catch the first
train. (他动身更早为的是境遇第②班车。)

(3) 指点特殊疑问句,要用原来的独特疑问词。

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because
we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

  结果状语从句普通由 so that…, so…that…
等教导,放在句尾。结果状语从句一般代表已经发生的政工,故多为过去时态。如:He
lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one.
(他丢了那么多辆车子,他操纵再也不买

She asked them what they were doing.

  语法知识点3

新车了。)

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的四个句子成为并列句。

  相比较状语从句平时由as, than, as
(so)…as等辅导,一般大致从句的谓语部分,只剩下名词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane
is much taller than I/me. (Jane比本身高多了。) / I don’t have as many
books as you (do). (小编书没有你多)

I want to know when the train left.

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb
表示“前者情状适用于后世”。例句:

  妥胁状语从句平常由though (although), as, even if( even though),
however, whatever等指引。如:伊夫n if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I
will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me.
(就算你替自身还了债小编也不会多谢你,因为它与小编毫毫无干系系。) / He wears a
T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了一件西服衫,即便天十分冰冷。)

  1. 宾语从句的时态

  You are a student, so am I。

  条件状语从句普通由if, unless, as longas等携带,条件状语从句一般位于句首或句尾,尤其注意,时间状语从句不容许行使未来时,而应当用现时时替代。You
will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much
harder. (即将赶到的期末考试你早晚考不及格,除非你更用心。) / If it doesn’
t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking.
(假诺明日不降雨大家就要去徒步旅行。)

(1)主句是一般未来时,一般以往时或祈使句,宾语从句可根据实际须求采取各个时态。

  3.定语从句 who指点的限定性定从。例句:

  [注意]
一 、because与so;(al)though与but;if与so不能够同在3个句子中成对出现。

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English
?你还记得教我们丹麦语的不胜女孩啊?

  ② 、时间、条件、原因,妥胁状语从句放在句首时须求用逗号与主句隔开分离。

(2) 主句是过去时态,宾语从句应运用过去时的相应时态。

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

  (4)
定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

They said that they had already finished thework.

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to
rain tomorrow。

  ① 定语从句的任务:放在名词或代词的末端。如:The man who has an
umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了一把雨伞的人是自家的三伯。)

(3)
假如宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用哪些时态,从句都用一般未来时。

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will
continue to be rejected。

  ②
语法术语的转移:被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;携带定语从句的接连词称为关系词,当中that、which、who称为关联代词,where、when、how称为关系副词。

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 表示 “既然”。与 since
的差别之处在于,now that
引出的必须是二个新出现的实况或气象,借使照旧照旧,和过去相比较并不曾生成,则不用
now that 指引。

  ③ 关系代词或提到副词的功效:

  1. 练习

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the
new task at
once。既然我们把富有素材都准备好了,我们应当立即开首那项新的工作。

  关系代词who、whom
和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。which指物that多指物,
有时也指人,它们在从句中能够作主语或宾语。定语从句中关系代词作者从句宾语时得以省略。This
is the thief (that/who/whom) we have been looking for these days.
(这几个就是大家多年来一直在找的小偷。) / Please find a room which is big
enough for all of us to live in. (请找一间丰裕大能住下我们整个的屋子。)

1)Sheasked me, “威尔 you go to the cinema tomorrow?”
(改为含宾语从句的复合句)

  7. 缘故状从:for的用法。由because
教导的从句假如身处句末,且前边有逗号,则能够用并列连词 for
来代替。但若是或不是验证直接原因,而是多种情景再说预计,就不得不用 for
。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill.
他今日没来,因为他患有了。

  关系副词when或where辅导定语从句时,它们在从句中分别作时间状语和地方状语。如:This
is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago.
(那是3个礼拜前他们吵架的屋子。) / I can never forget the day when I
first saw you. (小编永远不会忘记第一次探望你的光景。)

She asked me______ I ______ go to the cinema the next day.

  8. 缘故状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to
decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

  ④
限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中不可能差不多,不然主句意思就不完整。非限制性定语从句和主句之间频仍用逗号分开,那种从句是一种附加表达,假设从句子中节省,也不致于影响主句的意趣。如:She
spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us
had heard of.
(她2个夜晚都在议论她近年来的书,我们壹人都并未耳闻过这本书。)

2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will
be our next president。

  [注解]

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

  一 、关系代词只好用that的动静:

3) — Can you tell me _____ your parents at home?

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes
competition. 合营化的优点在于能拉动相互竞争。

  超过行词是指事物的骚动代词(all,
anything等),或事先词部分含有最高级,或包括序数词时,不可能用其他的涉及代词,只可以用that.
如:All that Lily told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉小编的话就像不真实。) /
Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside?
(能或无法给自个儿点里面没有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that
runs in our city. (这是率先辆运维于小编市的双层公共交通车。)

— I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

  10. 不定式:不定式做目的状语。例句:We get up very early to catch
the first bus。

  二 、关系代词在从句中作主语时相似用who(指人)、that(指物),而不用that指人或用which指物。

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you
help

  小说来源:跨考教育[微博]

  如:Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner?
(你认识那3个在角落里哭泣的半边天吧?) / Do not tell me any words that have
nothing to do with me. (跟自身非亲非故的话,请贰个字也不用说。)

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______
(rise) inthe east.

  ③ 、关系代词作者从句的宾语时,常用which或whom,较少使用that或who,而且,关系代词常常省略。

考试场点四 状语从句

  如:Tom’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to.
(汤姆的老爸是我们教育工小编先是个开口的人。)

一 、状语从句在复合句中作状语,修饰主句中的动词、形容词、副词等。

  四 、当提到代词紧跟在介词前边时,必须用which或whom,而当介词移到句尾时,则又有什么不可应用that或who.

1.地址状语从句

  如:This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the
room Miss Li once lived in.) (那是李小姐曾经居住过的屋子。)

地址状语从句平常由 where 指点。

  (5)
主语从句:在句子中担纲句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词以前。平日由that,whether以及难点连词教导。一般意况下,常用it替代主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When
we should start is still a question.
(大家该在怎么着时候起初依旧个难点啊。)

Put allthe things _____they were.

  直接引语和直接引语

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  壹 、直接引语和直接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人原先的话语,称为间接引语。在挥洒时,直接引语用引号。用本人的词语来转述表明原来说话人说的剧情,称为间接引语。

2.岁月状语从句(主句用现在时,从句用一般今后时)

  ② 、直接引语改变为直接引语:

时刻状语从句的教导词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since,
while, as 等

  ① 、直接引语假如是陈述句,变为直接引语时应注意以下各点:

She wascooking when someone knock at the door.

  ①不用引号,而用一连词that,但有时候可总结。

What willyou do after you finished your homework?

  ②人叫作相应变更;

3.尺码状语从句

  ③主句里的动词借使是过去时,直接引语中的时态一般应作相应变更:
一般以往时变一般过去时;一般现在时变过去以往时;以后进行时变过去进行时;未来完结时成为过去达成时;一般过去时变成过去达成时;但一般过去时如与叁个切实可行的过去时间连用,则时态不变。

在条件状语从句中,常用的指导词有if, unless等。

  如:He says,”I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the
USA.

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long
time.”

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

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