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  近几年的四级作文题基本上都是讲求考生就某种现实情形或意见公布自身的见地,内容多是考生所耳熟能详的社会热点话题或大学生生活题材。写好四级作文有多少个关键点:第1,依据英文的表明习惯来配置撰写结构;第2,用本人深谙的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出团结的理念和见地。因此,老师将安份守己起承转合的构造布局,为大家详细介绍一下写作中常用的第叁涉及词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家四级写作提供有效的素材。

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  (一)起

壹 、开首句型

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大大学陆续启幕,很多过初试的考生已经起来了不安的复试准备,让大家最棒担心的是丹麦语复试的备注。能否收获最后的成功,俄语复试是一个关键。

  观点(现象性):

1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言

  自作者介绍还是能够提前背一背,可假诺抽到3个无限制的话题让我们开始展览叙述的话,就会有早晚的难度。那里老师就给大家介绍二种展开话题的不二法门,希望大家能够选取上,使本人的发话表达更为的明精晓白流畅有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some
argue that…, while others believe that…

2.It goes without saying that… 显而易见,…

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

3.It can be said with certainty that… 能够一定地说……

  因果法是用来表明“为啥”的题材。我们得以依照一个结实去演绎其缘由,要以事实和证据为基于,前后进度要合乎逻辑和法则。例如:“你干什么考研”?Why
do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons
why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed
by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social
worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

4.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason
why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly,
consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from,
lead to, so… as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in
this way, thanks to等。

  4. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

5.It has to be noticed that… 它必须小心到,…

  二、定义法

  描述性:

6.It‘s generally recognized that… 它普遍认为…

  定义法能够用来演说“是怎样”的难点,即用一段话来解释表明有个别抽象的概念或具体育赛事物的习性、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What
is honesty? 大家得以用如下情势来开展演说:Honesty means telling the
truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who
cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by
other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with
nowadays is …

7.It‘s likely that … 那恐怕是因为…

  常用关联词汇: what is…, to be defined as, the definition of …
is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in
other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has
nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

8.It‘s hardly that… 那是很难的……

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

9.It‘s hardly too much to say that… 它大约没有太多的说…

  例证是为着表达焦点而存在的。当核心为理论性或概述的论点时,就必要通过举例或例证来加以补助,以说服听者,同时要小心逻辑严俊。例如:In
many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in
Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on 电视机 or radio.

  (二)承

10.What calls for special attention is that…内需尤其注意的是

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for
another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore,
besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an
illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  1. 事关词语或重要词汇:

11.There‘s no denying the fact that…毫无疑问,无可否认

  综上说述,报考学士复试时,得到难题后应即刻审题,积极思考,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,那样会使您的阐述更具逻辑性。展开的法门正是运用因果法、定义法、例证法等。别的注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神调换,牢牢地吸引对方的注意力。在复试前的关键时期,大家自然要多训练与人交换的能力。祝我们报考大学生复试顺利,超过常规发挥,顺遂跻身本身心仪的母校!

  递进:

12.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 没有啥比那更主要的是…

  发源:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to
begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover,
furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not
least

13.what‘s far more important is that… 更器重的是…

  举例:

二 、衔接句型

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate,
for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good
case in point

1.A case in point is … 一个博学多闻的事例是…

  因果:

2.As is often the case…是因为日常景况下…

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to,
based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing
to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a
consequence

3.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  分类:

4.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore
不过题材并非如此简单,所以……

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of
groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups,
consist of

5.But it‘s a pity that… 但遗憾的是…

  2. 句型及常用表明结构:

6.For all that…对于这一切…… In spite of the fact that…固然事实……

  举例:

7.Further, we hold opinion that… 此外,大家持之以恒认为,…

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

8.However , the difficulty lies in…但是,困难在于…

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

9.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 同样,大家要留心…

  Just take …as an example。

10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

11.In view of the present station。鉴于近期地势

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be
sufficient。

12.As has been mentioned above…正如上边所波及的…

  因果:

13.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从那几个角度上大家得以说

  There are several reasons for…

14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is…
然则我们还得看看东西的一派,即 …

  The reason why …can be traced to…

③ 、结尾句型

  The causes for …are as follows…

1.I will conclude by saying… 最终小编要说…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following
conclusion…

2.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…由此,大家有理由相信…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …,
thirdly,…

3.All things considered,简单来讲 It may be safely said
that…它能够有把握地说……

  …also contribute to the reason why…

4.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more
advisable…因而,在小编看来,更可取的是…

  分类:

5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion
that…通过上述研究,大家能够得出结论…

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion
that…通过数量大家得到的定论是,…

  …may be divided into…

7.It can be concluded from the discussion
that…从中我们得以汲取那样的定论

  (三)转

8.From my point of view, it would be better if…在作者眼里……只怕更好

  转折:

肆 、举例句型

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless,
unfortunately

1.Let‘s take…to illustrate this。

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

2.let‘s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this。

  对比:

3.Here is one more example。

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly,
similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

4.Take … for example。

  There are some similarities/differences between…

5.The same is true of…

  We can compare …with …

6.This offers a typical instance of…

  …has something in common with…

7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

  By contrasting …and…

五 、常用来引言段的句型

  …has little common with…

1.Some people think that … 有些人认为…To be frank, I can not agree with
their opinion for the reasons
below。坦率地说,笔者不可能同意他们的见识,理由如下。

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true
that…

2.For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different
now。多年来,……平昔被视为……,但明天的事态有十分大的例外。

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