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  并列句和中央复合句

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  并列句基本概念:

意国语不难句、并列句、复合句解析

  语法知识点1

  并列复合句是由七个或七个以上并列而又单独的简约句构成。五个不难句常由并列连接词连在一起;但神跡并非连接词,只在三个简易句之间用一逗号或分公司。

2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

  1.as…as.。。指点的相比级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+
as+被相比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you.
他像你一样学习努力。

  贰 、常见的并列句:

希伯来语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  (2)在否定句或难点句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as
fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

  (1) 用来接二连三七个并列概念的连日词有and , not only…but also…,
neither…nor…等,and所连接的内外分句往往意味着先后关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第二个分句用今后时。

简单句、并列句和复合句

  2.only指引的倒装句型:only +状语
(或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

  (2) 表示在两者之间采用1个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or
else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第②个分句用现在时。

考点一 简单句

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 
只有努力、正直,1人在生活中才能学有所成。 

  (3) 阐明多个概念互相有争辩、相反或然转载,
常用的连接词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态一致。

  1. 简易句只含有多少个主谓结构.

  2. 三种简易句:

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to
work out the problem.  唯有那位女子知道如何解那道题。

  (4) 表明原因, 用连接词for ,前后分句时态一致。

1) 主+谓. He comes at last.

  3.wish引导的虚拟语气:wish
前面包车型客车从句,当代表与事实相反的意况,或表示今后不太或者完毕的意愿时,其宾语从句的动词格局为: 

  (5) 表示结果,用一而再词so, 前后分句时态一致。

2) 主+系+表. She is a teacher.

  ⑴代表对现行反革命状态的杜撰:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be
的千古式用were.   

  主从复合句

The soup tastes nice.

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.   
笔者盼望知道那么些标题标答案。(可惜不精晓。) 

  1、概念:

3) 主+谓+宾. They reached the village.

  ⑵表示对过去情景的杜撰:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

  主从复合句由二个主句和三个或贰个之上的从句构成。主句为句子的重头戏,从句只用作句子的一个附带成分,无法独立成为贰个句子。从句平时由关联词指导,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在同步。如:While
the grandparents love the children, they are strict with
them.(曾外祖父曾祖母们很爱儿女,同时对他们也严苛要求。) / It seemed as if the
meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else)
you’ll be late.(快点, 要不然就来不及了。) / However I cook eggs, the
child still refuses to eat
them.(不管小编用什么措施煮鸭蛋,小孩依然不肯吃。)

4) 主+谓+间宾+直宾.He gave me a pen.

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time. 
作者后悔不应当浪费这么多时间。( 实际阳节经浪费掉了。) 

  2、分类:

5) 主+谓+宾+宾补.I find that book very useful.

  ⑶表示对西晋的主观意愿:谓语动词情势为“would/ should/ could/ might
+动词原形”。在那种气象下,主句的主语与从句的主语不可能一如既往,因为主句的主语所梦想的从句动作能无法达成,取决于从句主语的姿态或希望(非动作名词除外)
。 

  从句按其在复合句中的成效,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。(参见以下各项)

考点二 并列句

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能终止。 

  ③ 、各从句在句子中的地方以及用法:

并称句:五个或四个以上的简约句,用连词连接起来。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用
would,能够象征请求,平常意味着说话人的痛楚或不满。

  (1)
表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它位于主句中的系动词之后。

常用的连接词有:

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  作者梦想您安然一些。 

  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is
because you are so clever.

  1. 代表顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅….而且….)等。

  4.it形式宾语:和it 作格局主语一样,  大家常用it 来作方式宾语,
把真的的宾语从句放在句末, 那种气象更为出现在带复合宾语的语句中。

  (2) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to
overcome difficulties.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in.
他申明他不会投降。 

  ①主干方式:(主句+)连词+从句主语+从句谓语+…

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she
succeeded.

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越….。。越….。。”。

  ② 关于宾语从句连词的挑三拣四:

  1. 意味着选取事关和否定条件的有or(照旧,不然)

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will
become。大家越害怕劳顿,困难就会变得越强大。

  若从句出自四个陈述句,那么,连词用that,在口语中that可以大致;

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

  语法知识点2

  若从句出自多少个貌似疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

  1. 宾语从句:一般难题句做宾语,引入if或whether

  若从句出自1个非常疑问句,则连词正是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

  1. 表示转会关系的有but, yet等。

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

  例如:They believe that the computer will finally take the place of
human beings.(他们相信总括机终将代替人类。) (从句本来就是陈述句)/ I
wonder whether I should say something for him to the headmaster.
(小编不明白是或不是该为她在校长眼前说点什么。) (从句出自一般问句Shall 伊萨y something for him to the headmaster?) / He asked me where he could
get such medicine. (他问笔者在哪里能搞到那么的药。)
(从句出自特殊问句Where can he get such medicine? )

He is young, but he works hard.尽管他年轻,但工作努力。

  2. 缘故状语从句:since引导的

  ③
宾语从句的时态难点:倘使主句是现行时,从句则用以后某一时半刻态,甚至足以用过去时;

  1. 表示因果关系的有for, so 等。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

  如主句是过去时,从句则附和地选拔过去某权且态,境遇客观真理时还是用未来时。如:I
think I will do better in English this term.
(小编想本学期作者的斯洛伐克共和国(The Slovak Republic)语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the
earth is round. (老师问那个男孩地球是还是不是圆的。)

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 作者的腿疼,由此笔者去看医师。

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely…when。.

  ④ 下列结构前边的从句一般也视作宾语从句看待:

考试场点三 主从复合句:宾语从句

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

  be sorry / afraid / sure / glad +that从句,如:I’m sorry I’m late.
(对不起,作者迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment.
(恐怕他那时不在家。)

  1. 宾语从句的辅导词

  4. If虚拟条件句

  (3)
状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其地点能够在主句前或主句后。状语从句可以分成时间、地点、原因、目标、结果、相比、迁就、条件等两种。状语从句由从属连接词教导。

(1)指导 陈述句用 that(在口语和业余文体中时时省略)

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

  时间状语从句普通由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as
,since, till (until), while, whenever
等引导。时间状语从句一般位于句首或句尾,越发注意,时间状语从句不容许采用现在时,而相应用明日时替代。如:
When you finish the work, you may go out to play with Sam.
(你完了工作就足以出去和吉米一起玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes
back. (阿妈回来了作者才会走。)

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词前面,作介词的宾语。

  地方状语从句经常由 where, wherever等辅导。如:Go back where you came
from! (哪个地方来还滚到什么地方去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief
who stole my necklace wherever he may be.
(笔者永远也不会遗忘去抓住那么些偷小编项链的贼,无论她会在哪儿。)

(2) 引导一般难题句用if或whether.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in
Shanghai。

  原因状语从句平常由because, since,
as等教导,一般位于句首或句尾。如:He went abroad because his father had
found a good university for him.
(他出国了,因为他阿爸给她找了一所好大学。)

She asked me if\ whether she could join us.(whether…or not)

  6.状语从句简单(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语一致,状从简单接纳分词作者状语。例句:

  指标状语从句平时由so that…, so…hat…, in order that…
等教导,往往放在句尾,从句中一般含有can / could / may /
might等千姿百态动词。如:He got up earlier so that he could catch the first
train. (他起身更早为的是境遇第2班车。)

(3) 指点特殊疑问句,要用原来的奇特疑问词。

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because
we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

  结果状语从句普通由 so that…, so…that…
等指导,放在句尾。结果状语从句一般代表早已发出的业务,故多为过去时态。如:He
lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one.
(他丢了那么多辆自行车,他控制再也不买

She asked them what they were doing.

  语法知识点3

新车了。)

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的五个句子成为并列句。

  比较状语从句普通由as, than, as
(so)…as等教导,一般差不多从句的谓语部分,只剩余名词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane
is much taller than I/me. (Jane比作者高多了。) / I don’t have as many
books as you (do). (作者书没有你多)

I want to know when the train left.

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb
表示“前者景况适用于子孙后代”。例句:

  迁就状语从句普通由though (although), as, even if( even though),
however, whatever等带领。如:伊芙n if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I
will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me.
(即便你替本身还了债小编也不会多谢您,因为它与自小编毫非亲非故系。) / He wears a
T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了一件半袖衫,尽管天很冻。)

  1. 宾语从句的时态

  You are a student, so am I。

  条件状语从句通常由if, unless, as lon瓦斯等指导,条件状语从句一般位于句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不允许选拔现在时,而应该用现时时替代。You
will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much
harder. (即未来到的期末考试你肯定考不及格,除非您更用心。) / If it doesn’
t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking.
(倘使前天不降水大家就要去徒步旅行。)

(1)主句是一般将来时,一般今后时或祈使句,宾语从句可依照实际须求选择各样时态。

  3.定语从句 who教导的限定性定从。例句:

  [注意]
① 、because与so;(al)though与but;if与so不能同在二个句子中成对出现。

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English
?你还记得教大家阿尔巴尼亚语的老大女孩吧?

  二 、时间、条件、原因,妥胁状语从句放在句首时须求用逗号与主句隔绝。

(2) 主句是病故时态,宾语从句应利用过去时的呼应时态。

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

  (4)
定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

They said that they had already finished thework.

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to
rain tomorrow。

  ① 定语从句的职位:放在名词或代词的前边。如:The man who has an
umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了一把雨伞的人是自个儿的公公。)

(3)
要是宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用什么样时态,从句都用一般今后时。

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will
continue to be rejected。

  ②
语法术语的更动:被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;指引定语从句的连天词称为关系词,当中that、which、who称为涉及代词,where、when、how称为关系副词。

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 代表 “既然”。与 since
的不一致之处在于,now that
引出的必须是2个新面世的事实或状态,借使还是依旧,和千古比较并从未成形,则毫不
now that 引导。

  ③ 关系代词或涉及副词的效能:

  1. 练习

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the
new task at
once。既然我们把持有材料都准备好了,大家理应立刻开头那项新的干活。

  关系代词who、whom
和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。which指物that多指物,
有时也指人,它们在从句中得以作主语或宾语。定语从句中关系代词作者从句宾语时方可总结。This
is the thief (that/who/whom) we have been looking for these days.
(那一个正是我们近来直接在找的小偷。) / Please find a room which is big
enough for all of us to live in. (请找一间丰富大能住下大家任何的屋子。)

1)Sheasked me, “威尔 you go to the cinema tomorrow?”
(改为含宾语从句的复合句)

  7. 缘由状从:for的用法。由because
辅导的从句如若身处句末,且前边有逗号,则可以用并列连词 for
来代表。但一旦不是印证直接原因,而是多样景观再说测度,就只可以用 for
。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill.
他后天没来,因为他身患了。

  关系副词when或where指引定语从句时,它们在从句中分别作时间状语和地址状语。如:This
is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago.
(那是壹个星期前他们吵架的屋子。) / I can never forget the day when I
first saw you. (笔者永久不会忘记第三回见到你的小日子。)

She asked me______ I ______ go to the cinema the next day.

  8. 缘由状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to
decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

  ④
限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中不能够简单,不然主句意思就不完整。非限制性定语从句和主句之间频仍用逗号分开,那种从句是一种附加表明,假诺从句子中节省,也不致于影响主句的情趣。如:She
spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us
had heard of.
(她3个夜晚都在议论她近年来的书,大家一个人都没有耳闻过那本书。)

2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will
be our next president。

  [注解]

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

  壹 、关系代词只可以用that的景色:

3) — Can you tell me _____ your parents at home?

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes
competition. 独资化的长处在于能推进互相竞争。

  超过行词是指事物的不安代词(all,
anything等),或事先词部分含有最高级,或带有序数词时,不可能用其余的涉及代词,只好用that.
如:All that Lily told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉笔者的话就如不诚实。) /
Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside?
(能或不能够给本人点里面没有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that
runs in our city. (那是第叁辆运维于作者市的双层公共交通车。)

— I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

  10. 不定式:不定式做目标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch
the first bus。

  二 、关系代词在从句中作主语时一般用who(指人)、that(指物),而不用that指人或用which指物。

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you
help

  小说来源:跨考教育[微博]

  如:Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner?
(你认识那个在角落里哭泣的女孩子吗?) / Do not tell me any words that have
nothing to do with me. (跟自家毫无干系的话,请三个字也决不说。)

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______
(rise) inthe east.

  三 、关系代词作者从句的宾语时,常用which或whom,较少使用that或who,而且,关系代词平日省略。

考试场点四 状语从句

  如:汤姆’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to.
(汤姆的老爹是大家教育工作者先是个开口的人。)

壹 、状语从句在复合句中作状语,修饰主句中的动词、形容词、副词等。

  肆 、当提到代词紧跟在介词前边时,必须用which或whom,而当介词移到句尾时,则又能够行使that或who.

1.地方状语从句

  如:This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the
room Miss Li once lived in.) (那是李小姐曾经居住过的屋子。)

地点状语从句普通由 where 指引。

  (5)
主语从句:在句子中担纲句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词从前。平时由that,whether以及难题连词指导。一般意况下,常用it替代主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When
we should start is still a question.
(大家该在如什么日期候起始照旧个难题吗。)

Put allthe things _____they were.

  直接引语和直接引语

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  一 、直接引语和间接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人本来的口舌,称为直接引语。在书写时,直接引语用引号。用自身的辞藻来转述表明原来说话人说的内容,称为直接引语。

2.日子状语从句(主句用未来时,从句用一般将来时)

  贰 、直接引语改变为直接引语:

岁月状语从句的辅导词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since,
while, as 等

  ① 、直接引语假诺是陈述句,变为直接引语时应小心以下各点:

She wascooking when someone knock at the door.

  ①不用引号,而用一连词that,但有时候可粗略。

What willyou do after you finished your homework?

  ②人誉为相应变更;

3.尺度状语从句

  ③主句里的动词借使是过去时,直接引语中的时态一般应作相应变更:
一般以往时变一般过去时;一般未来时变过去现在时;以后进行时变过去进行时;将来完结时变成过去成功时;一般过去时改为过去成功时;但一般过去时如与1个具体的过去时间连用,则时态不变。

在尺度状语从句中,常用的指引词有if, unless等。

  如:He says,”I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the
USA.

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long
time.”

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

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