三种方法增强复试语言逻辑,备考干货

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  近几年的四级作文题基本上都以讲求考生就某种现实景况或意见发布本人的理念,内容多是考生所熟习的社会热点话题或学士生活题材。写好四级作文有多个关键点:第①,依照英文的发挥习惯来配置撰写结构;第叁,用本身深谙的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出团结的看法和见地。由此,老师将服从起承转合的构造布局,为大家详细介绍一下创作中常用的基本点涉及词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家四级写作提供实用的素材。

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  (一)起

一 、初阶句型

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大大学陆续启幕,很多过初试的考生已经初叶了不安的复试准备,让我们最为担心的是丹麦语复试的备考。能或不能够赢得最终的成功,立陶宛共和国(Republic of Lithuania)语复试是一个生死攸关。

  观点(现象性):

1.As far as …is concerned 就……而言

  自小编介绍还是可以提前背一背,可一旦抽到多少个随意的话题让大家举办叙述的话,就会有一定的难度。那里老师就给大家介绍二种展开话题的艺术,希望大家能够采用上,使自身的说道表明更为的明显流畅有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some
argue that…, while others believe that…

2.It goes without saying that… 不问可知,…

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

3.It can be said with certainty that… 可以一定地说……

  因果法是用来诠释“为何”的题材。大家得以根据三个结实去演绎其原因,要以事实和证据为基于,前后进度要合乎逻辑和公理。例如:“你干什么报考学士”?Why
do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons
why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed
by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social
worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

4.As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason
why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly,
consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from,
lead to, so… as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in
this way, thanks to等。

  4. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

5.It has to be noticed that… 它必须小心到,…

  二、定义法

  描述性:

6.It‘s generally recognized that… 它普遍认为…

  定义法能够用来阐释“是怎样”的难题,即用一段话来分演表达有些抽象的概念或具体育赛事物的属性、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What
is honesty? 我们得以用如下情势来实行论述:Honesty means telling the
truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who
cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by
other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with
nowadays is …

7.It‘s likely that … 那也许是因为…

  常用关联词汇: what is…, to be defined as, the definition of …
is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in
other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has
nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

8.It‘s hardly that… 那是很难的……

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

9.It‘s hardly too much to say that… 它大约从未太多的说…

  例证是为着表明主题而留存的。当主旨为理论性或概述的论点时,就必要通过举例或例证来加以支持,以说服听者,同时要留意逻辑严密。例如:In
many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in
Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on 电视机 or radio.

  (二)承

10.What calls for special attention is that…索要特别注意的是

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for
another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore,
besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an
illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  1. 事关词语或重庆大学词汇:

11.There‘s no denying the fact that…毫无疑问,无可以还是不可以认

  显而易见,报考硕士复试时,拿到问题后应马上审题,积极思考,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,那样会使您的演讲更具逻辑性。展开的法子便是行使因果法、定义法、例证法等。此外注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神沟通,牢牢地抓住对方的注意力。在复试前的关键时期,大家一定要多训练与人沟通的力量。祝大家报考博士复试顺遂,超过常规发挥,顺遂进入本身心仪的学府!

  递进:

12.Nothing is more important than the fact that… 没有何样比那更重要的是…

  来自:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to
begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover,
furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not
least

13.what‘s far more important is that… 更要紧的是…

  举例:

二 、衔接句型

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate,
for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good
case in point

1.A case in point is … 一个出人头地的例证是…

  因果:

2.As is often the case…出于经常情状下…

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to,
based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing
to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a
consequence

3.As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

  分类:

4.But the problem is not so simple.Therefore
然则题材并非如此容易,所以……

  arrange in two/three categories, be classified into a number of
groups, fall into the following kinds, be put into several groups,
consist of

5.But it‘s a pity that… 但遗憾的是…

  2. 句型及常用表明结构:

6.For all that…对于这一体…… In spite of the fact that…就算事实……

  举例:

7.Further, we hold opinion that… 其余,大家百折不挠认为,…

  There are many examples to prove… Here I will cite just a few。

8.However , the difficulty lies in…不过,困难在于…

  There is enough/convincing /sufficient evidence to prove that…

9.Similarly, we should pay attention to… 同样,大家要小心…

  Just take …as an example。

10.not(that)…but(that)…不是,而是

  The case effectively clarifies the fact that …

11.In view of the present station。鉴于最近时势

  Though numerous examples can be given, this/these will be
sufficient。

12.As has been mentioned above…正如上面所波及的…

  因果:

13.In this respect, we may as well (say) 从这么些角度上大家得以说

  There are several reasons for…

14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is…
不过大家还得看看事物的另一方面,即 …

  The reason why …can be traced to…

叁 、结尾句型

  The causes for …are as follows…

1.I will conclude by saying… 最后小编要说…

  Therefore, we can draw/arrive at/reach/make the following
conclusion…

2.Therefore, we have the reason to believe that…因而,大家有理由相信…

  There are many causes/reasons for…. Firstly, …, secondly, …,
thirdly,…

3.All things considered,简单来说 It may be safely said
that…它能够有把握地说……

  …also contribute to the reason why…

4.Therefore, in my opinion, it‘s more
advisable…由此,以笔者之见,更可取的是…

  分类:

5.From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion
that…通过以上切磋,大家能够得出结论…

  …may be classified according to /on the basis of /depending on…

6.The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion
that…通过数据大家赢得的结论是,…

  …may be divided into…

7.It can be concluded from the discussion
that…从中大家能够得出那样的定论

  (三)转

8.From my point of view, it would be better if…以小编之见……也许更好

  转折:

④ 、举例句型

  but, however, yet, instead, whereas, otherwise, nevertheless,
unfortunately

1.Let‘s take…to illustrate this。

  They may be right about …, but they seem to neglect the fact that…

2.let‘s take the above chart as an example to illustrate this。

  对比:

3.Here is one more example。

  just as, in comparison, like, similarly, likewise, correspondingly,
similar to, in contrast, on the other hand, on the contrary, unlike

4.Take … for example。

  There are some similarities/differences between…

5.The same is true of…

  We can compare …with …

6.This offers a typical instance of…

  …has something in common with…

7.We may quote a common example of…8.Just think of…

  By contrasting …and…

五 、常用来引言段的句型

  …has little common with…

1.Some people think that … 有些人觉得…To be frank, I can not agree with
their opinion for the reasons
below。坦率地说,笔者不能够同意他们的见地,理由如下。

  Although it is widely accepted that …, it is unlikely to be true
that…

2.For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different
now。多年来,……一贯被视为……,但昨日的事态有极大的两样。

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