2016考研英语,英语简单句

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  并列句和宗旨复合句

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  并列句基本概念:

斯洛伐克共和国(The Slovak Republic)语不难句、并列句、复合句解析

  语法知识点1

  并列复合句是由四个或多个以上并列而又独自的简要句构成。八个简易句常由并列连接词连在一起;但有时并非连接词,只在五个不难句之间用一逗号或分行。

2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

  1.as…as.。。指点的相比级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+
as+被相比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you.
他像你同一学习努力。

  ② 、常见的并列句:

德语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  (2)在否定句或难题句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as
fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

  (1) 用来连接多少个并列概念的连日词有and , not only…but also…,
neither…nor…等,and所连接的内外分句往往代表先后关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第①个分句用今后时。

差不离句、并列句和复合句

  2.only引导的倒装句型:only +状语
(或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

  (2) 表示在两者之间选拔叁个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or
else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第①个分句用现在时。

考点一 简单句

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 
只有精卫填海、正直,一个人在生活中才能成功。 

  (3) 注明几个概念互相有抵触、相反恐怕转载,
常用的三番五次词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态一致。

  1. 简单易行句只包括四个主谓结构.

  2. 三种简单句:

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to
work out the problem.  唯有那位女子知道怎么样解那道题。

  (4) 表达原委, 用连接词for ,前后分句时态一致。

1) 主+谓. He comes at last.

  3.wish教导的虚拟语气:wish
后边的从句,当代表与事实相反的图景,或意味着现在不太或然达成的意思时,其宾语从句的动词格局为: 

  (5) 表示结果,用一连词so, 前后分句时态一致。

2) 主+系+表. She is a teacher.

  ⑴代表对现市场价格形的虚拟:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be
的病逝式用were.   

  主从复合句

The soup tastes nice.

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.   
我盼望知道那几个题指标答案。(可惜不明白。) 

  1、概念:

3) 主+谓+宾. They reached the village.

  ⑵表示对过去事态的杜撰:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

  主从复合句由一个主句和二个或3个之上的从句构成。主句为句子的基点,从句只用作句子的三个附带元素,不可能独立成为一个句子。从句通常由关联词教导,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在一起。如:While
the grandparents love the children, they are strict with
them.(爷爷曾祖母们很爱儿女,同时对他们也严峻供给。) / It seemed as if the
meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else)
you’ll be late.(快点, 要不然就来不及了。) / However I cook eggs, the
child still refuses to eat
them.(不管小编用什么措施煮鸭蛋,小孩依然不肯吃。)

4) 主+谓+间宾+直宾.He gave me a pen.

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time. 
笔者后悔不该浪费这么多时间。( 实际阳春经浪费掉了。) 

  2、分类:

5) 主+谓+宾+宾补.I find that book very useful.

  ⑶表示对今后的主观意愿:谓语动词方式为“would/ should/ could/ might
+动词原形”。在那种气象下,主句的主语与从句的主语无法一如既往,因为主句的主语所企盼的从句动作能还是不能够完毕,取决于从句主语的姿态或希望(非动作名词除外)
。 

  从句按其在复合句中的功能,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。(参见以下各项)

考点二 并列句

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能终止。 

  三 、各从句在句子中的地方以及用法:

并称句:七个或三个以上的归纳句,用连词连接起来。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用
would,能够象征请求,日常意味着说话人的不适或不满。

  (1)
表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它位于主句中的系动词之后。

常用的连接词有:

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  小编愿意您安然一些。 

  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is
because you are so clever.

  1. 代表顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅….而且….)等。

  4.it格局宾语:和it 作格局主语一样,  大家常用it 来作格局宾语,
把真的的宾语从句放在句末, 那种气象更为出以后带复合宾语的语句中。

  (2) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to
overcome difficulties.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in.
他申明他不会投降。 

  ①为主格局:(主句+)连词+从句主语+从句谓语+…

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she
succeeded.

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越….。。越….。。”。

  ② 关于宾语从句连词的抉择:

  1. 意味着选用事关和否定条件的有or(如故,不然)

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will
become。我们越害怕费劲,困难就会变得越强大。

  若从句出自多个陈述句,那么,连词用that,在口语中that能够简简单单;

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

  语法知识点2

  若从句出自三个貌似疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

  1. 宾语从句:一般难题句做宾语,引入if或whether

  若从句出自一个奇特疑问句,则连词正是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

  1. 代表转会关系的有but, yet等。

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

  例如:They believe that the computer will finally take the place of
human beings.(他们相信总结机终将代替人类。) (从句本来就是陈述句)/ I
wonder whether I should say something for him to the headmaster.
(笔者不知道是还是不是该为她在校长前面说点什么。) (从句出自一般问句Shall Isay something for him to the headmaster?) / He asked me where he could
get such medicine. (他问作者在何方能搞到那么的药。)
(从句出自特殊问句Where can he get such medicine? )

He is young, but he works hard.就算她年轻,但工作大力。

  2. 缘由状语从句:since指点的

  ③
宾语从句的时态难题:如若主句是当今时,从句则用现在某近期态,甚至能够用过去时;

  1. 代表因果关系的有for, so 等。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

  如主句是过去时,从句则附和地行使过去某暂且态,蒙受客观真理时照旧用今天时。如:I
think I will do better in English this term.
(小编想本学期小编的日语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the
earth is round. (老师问那个男孩地球是还是不是圆的。)

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 笔者的腿疼,因而笔者去看医务卫生人士。

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely…when。.

  ④ 下列结构前面包车型地铁从句一般也作为宾语从句看待:

考试场点三 主从复合句:宾语从句

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

  be sorry / afraid / sure / glad +that从句,如:I’m sorry I’m late.
(对不起,笔者迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment.
(大概他此时不在家。)

  1. 宾语从句的辅导词

  4. If虚拟条件句

  (3)
状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其职务能够在主句前或主句后。状语从句能够分成时间、地方、原因、指标、结果、相比较、退让、条件等二种。状语从句由从属连接词引导。

(1)辅导 陈述句用 that(在口语和业余文娱体育中时常省略)

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

  时间状语从句普通由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as
,since, till (until), while, whenever
等指引。时间状语从句一般位于句首或句尾,尤其注意,时间状语从句不容许行使现在时,而应当用现时时替代。如:
When you finish the work, you may go out to play with Sam.
(你做到工作就能够出来和吉姆一起玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes
back. (老母回来了自家才会走。)

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词后边,作介词的宾语。

  地方状语从句通常由 where, wherever等指导。如:Go back where you came
from! (何地来还滚到哪儿去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief
who stole my necklace wherever he may be.
(作者永远也不会遗忘去抓住那几个偷作者项链的贼,无论她会在哪个地方。)

(2) 指导一般难题句用if或whether.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in
Shanghai。

  原因状语从句平时由because, since,
as等引导,一般位于句首或句尾。如:He went abroad because his father had
found a good university for him.
(他出国了,因为他阿爹给她找了一所好大学。)

She asked me if\ whether she could join us.(whether…or not)

  6.状语从句简单(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语一致,状从不难选用分词作者状语。例句:

  指标状语从句普通由so that…, so…hat…, in order that…
等携带,往往放在句尾,从句中一般含有can / could / may /
might等千姿百态动词。如:He got up earlier so that he could catch the first
train. (他出发更早为的是碰见第三班车。)

(3) 携带特殊疑问句,要用原来的异样疑问词。

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because
we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

  结果状语从句日常由 so that…, so…that…
等指导,放在句尾。结果状语从句一般代表曾经发生的作业,故多为过去时态。如:He
lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one.
(他丢了那么多辆车子,他决定再也不买

She asked them what they were doing.

  语法知识点3

新车了。)

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的五个句子成为并列句。

  相比状语从句平日由as, than, as
(so)…as等教导,一般大约从句的谓语部分,只剩余名词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane
is much taller than I/me. (Jane比本人高多了。) / I don’t have as many
books as you (do). (小编书没有您多)

I want to know when the train left.

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb
表示“前者景况适用于后人”。例句:

  妥洽状语从句平日由though (although), as, even if( even though),
however, whatever等带领。如:伊夫n if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I
will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me.
(就算你替本身还了债小编也不会多谢你,因为它与自作者毫无关系。) / He wears a
T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了一件西服衫,固然天非常冰冷。)

  1. 宾语从句的时态

  You are a student, so am I。

  条件状语从句普通由if, unless, as lon瓦斯等带领,条件状语从句一般位于句首或句尾,尤其注意,时间状语从句差别意使用现在时,而相应用前几日时替代。You
will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much
harder. (即将到来的期末考试你一定考不及格,除非你更用心。) / If it doesn’
t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking.
(若是明天不降雨大家就要去徒步旅行。)

(1)主句是形似今后时,一般以往时或祈使句,宾语从句可根据实际须求采取种种时态。

  3.定语从句 who带领的限定性定从。例句:

  [注意]
① 、because与so;(al)though与but;if与so不能同在三个句子中成对出现。

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English
?你还记得教大家乌Crane语的丰富女孩吧?

  二 、时间、条件、原因,妥洽状语从句放在句首时需求用逗号与主句隔断。

(2) 主句是过去时态,宾语从句应选择过去时的附和时态。

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

  (4)
定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

They said that they had already finished thework.

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to
rain tomorrow。

  ① 定语从句的地方:放在名词或代词的背后。如:The man who has an
umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了一把雨伞的人是自己的老伯。)

(3)
借使宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用怎么着时态,从句都用一般未来时。

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will
continue to be rejected。

  ②
语法术语的更改:被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;教导定语从句的连天词称为关系词,当中that、which、who称为涉及代词,where、when、how称为关系副词。

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 代表 “既然”。与 since
的区别之处在于,now that
引出的必须是三个新面世的事实或状态,假使依旧依旧,和千古对待并从未转变,则毫不
now that 教导。

  ③ 关系代词或涉嫌副词的法力:

  1. 练习

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the
new task at
once。既然我们把持有材质都准备好了,大家应有立时开首那项新的干活。

  关系代词who、whom
和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。which指物that多指物,
有时也指人,它们在从句中得以作主语或宾语。定语从句中提到代词作者从句宾语时方可简简单单。This
is the thief (that/who/whom) we have been looking for these days.
(那么些正是大家近年来直接在找的窃贼。) / Please find a room which is big
enough for all of us to live in. (请找一间充分大能住下我们任何的屋子。)

1)Sheasked me, “威尔 you go to the cinema tomorrow?”
(改为含宾语从句的复合句)

  7. 缘由状从:for的用法。由because
带领的从句假使身处句末,且前边有逗号,则能够用并列连词 for
来取代。但假若不是认证直接原因,而是三种状态再说测度,就只能用 for
。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill.
他后天没来,因为他病倒了。

  关系副词when或where指导定语从句时,它们在从句中分别作时间状语和地点状语。如:This
is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago.
(那是一个礼拜前他们吵架的屋子。) / I can never forget the day when I
first saw you. (笔者永远不会忘记第①次看到您的日子。)

She asked me______ I ______ go to the cinema the next day.

  8. 缘由状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to
decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

  ④
限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中不能够大致,不然主句意思就不完整。非限制性定语从句和主句之间往往用逗号分开,那种从句是一种附加表明,假如从句子中节省,也不致于影响主句的情趣。如:She
spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us
had heard of.
(她一个夜晚都在座谈她近年来的书,我们一位都不曾耳闻过那本书。)

2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will
be our next president。

  [注解]

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

  ① 、关系代词只能用that的景观:

3) — Can you tell me _____ your parents at home?

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes
competition. 合资化的亮点在于能有助于相互竞争。

  超越行词是指事物的波动代词(all,
anything等),或先期词部分含有最高级,或带有序数词时,不能用其余的涉嫌代词,只可以用that.
如:All that Lily told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉自个儿的话仿佛不真正。) /
Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside?
(能或无法给笔者点里面没有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that
runs in our city. (那是第贰辆运转于我市的双层公共交通车。)

— I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

  10. 不定式:不定式做目标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch
the first bus。

  ② 、关系代词在从句中作主语时一般用who(指人)、that(指物),而不用that指人或用which指物。

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you
help

  作品来源:跨考教育[微博]

  如:Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner?
(你认识那几个在角落里哭泣的巾帼呢?) / Do not tell me any words that have
nothing to do with me. (跟本身非亲非故的话,请二个字也不用说。)

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______
(rise) inthe east.

  叁 、关系代词作者从句的宾语时,常用which或whom,较少使用that或who,而且,关系代词日常省略。

考试场点四 状语从句

  如:汤姆’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to.
(汤姆的老爹是我们教育工我先是个出口的人。)

一 、状语从句在复合句中作状语,修饰主句中的动词、形容词、副词等。

  肆 、当提到代词紧跟在介词后边时,必须用which或whom,而当介词移到句尾时,则又足以行使that或who.

1.地址状语从句

  如:This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the
room Miss Li once lived in.) (那是李小姐曾经居住过的房间。)

地址状语从句平常由 where 辅导。

  (5)
主语从句:在句子中担纲句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词从前。日常由that,whether以及难点连词引导。一般境况下,常用it替代主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When
we should start is still a question.
(大家该在什么样时候初始照旧个难题啊。)

Put allthe things _____they were.

  直接引语和直接引语

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  壹 、直接引语和间接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人原先的言辞,称为间接引语。在挥洒时,直接引语用引号。用本身的词语来转述表明原来说话人说的故事情节,称为直接引语。

2.岁月状语从句(主句用现在时,从句用一般今后时)

  ② 、直接引语改变为直接引语:

时刻状语从句的指导词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since,
while, as 等

  一 、直接引语若是是陈述句,变为直接引语时应注意以下各点:

She wascooking when someone knock at the door.

  ①不用引号,而用两次三番词that,但有时候可粗略。

What willyou do after you finished your homework?

  ②人誉为相应变更;

3.尺码状语从句

  ③主句里的动词假诺是病故时,间接引语中的时态一般应作相应变更:
一般未来时变一般过去时;一般以后时变过去以后时;今后进行时变过去进行时;现在形成时变成过去形成时;一般过去时改为过去做到时;但一般过去时如与二个实际的过去时间连用,则时态不变。

在条件状语从句中,常用的指导词有if, unless等。

  如:He says,”I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the
USA.

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long
time.”

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

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